Wednesday, 31 July 2013

Saturday, 27 July 2013

Voyager Comparison to Coureur de bois.

Comparison to Coureur de bois

These two terms have had broad and overlapping uses, but their emblematic meanings in the context of the fur trade business were more distinct. Voyageurs were the canoe transportation workers in organized, licensed long distance transportation of furs and trade goods in the interior of the continent. Coureur de bois were entrepreneur woodsman engaged in various things including fur trading. The Coureur de bois's zenith preceded the Voyageur era, and Voyageurs partially replaced them. For those Coureur de bois who continued, the term picked up the additional meaning of "unlicensed".[1][10]


The Mapmaker.

The Voyageurs
In 1715 it was discovered that rodents and insects had consumed the glut of beaver fur in French warehouses. The market immediately revived. As an item on the balance sheet of French external trade, furs were minuscule, and their share was shrinking proportionately as trade in tropical produce and manufactured goods increased; however, the fur trade was the backbone of the Canadian economy.

Unlike the HBC with its monolithic structure staffed by paid servants, in New France  the trade was carried on into the early 18th century by scores of small partnerships. As costs rose with distance, the trade came to be controlled by a small number of BOURGEOIS, who hired hundreds of wage-earning VOYAGEURS. Most companies consisted of three or four men who obtained from the authorities the lease on the trade at a specific post for three years; all members shared profits or losses proportional to the capital subscribed. Trade goods were usually obtained on credit, at 30 per cent interest, from a small number of Montréal merchants who also marketed the furs through their agents in France. The voyageurs' wages varied from 200 to 500 livres if they wintered in the West. For those who paddled the canoes westward in the spring and returned with the autumn convoy, the usual wage was 100-200 livres plus their keep (about double what a labourer or artisan would earn in the colony).



Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Hyde Park Barracks. Living History Link. Australia.


Australian Living History. A Link.


Jamestown. A Video.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition. A Video.

A little late for my interest, but this may be worth watching anyway.


COLONIAL AMERICAN DIGRESSIONS: A COLONIAL AMERICAN ADVENTURE STORY: PART TWO: TH...: Dear Reader, This is the second part of a three part entry.   If would like to read the first part first, go here:   http://www.d...

Monday, 22 July 2013


COLONIAL AMERICAN DIGRESSIONS: A COLONIAL AMERICAN ADVENTURE STORY: PART ONE: IN...: Dear Reader, This is a three part entry.   I will link the parts together as I post them.   If you want to read all of them ...

Wood Trekker: Photograph of an Indian Fishing, 1923

I would imagine that this method of fishing goes way back in time.

Wood Trekker: Photograph of an Indian Fishing, 1923: The photograph was taken in 1923 and shows a Hupa Indian fishing with a net.   Clearly the location has been prepared for such fishing, wi...

Friday, 19 July 2013

More on Trade Goods.

The first Indian deed of record was a purchase
of lands in Bucks County, made by Deputy Governor Markham
for William Penn, dated the 15th day of July, 1682. The native
grantors were fourteen Delaware chiefs or "sachemakers," bear-
ing the following names: Idauahon, leanottowe, Idquoquequon,
Sahoppe for himself and Okonikon, Merkekowon, Orecton for
Nannacussey, Shaurwawghon, Swanpisse, Nahoosey, Tomak-
hickon, Westkekitt and Tohawsis.

Markham paid the Indians for this purchase: 350 fathoms of
wampum, 20 fathoms of "stroudwaters," 20 white blankets, 20
guns, 20 coats, 40 shirts, 40 pairs of stockings, 40 hose, 40 axes, 2
barrels of powder, 60 fathoms of "dufihelds," 20 kettles, 200 bars
of lead, 200 knives, 200 small glasses, 12 pairs of shoes, 40 copper
boxes, 40 tobacco tongs, 2 small barrels of pipes; 40 pairs of scis-
sors, 40 combs, 20 pounds of red lead, 100 awls, two handfuls of
fish hooks, two handfuls of needles, 40 pounds of shot, 10 bundles
of beads, 10 small saws, 12 drawing knives, 2 ankers of tobacco,
2 ankers of rum, 2 ankers of cider, 2 ankers of beer, and 300
guilders in money, — a formidable list, indeed, and all very accept-

able to the Indians.

Early Trade Goods. Land Purchase.

The consideration of the deed for these lands, dated October
11th, 1736, was 500 pounds of powder, 600 pounds of lead, 45
guns, 100 blankets, 200 yards of cloth, 100 shirts, 40 hats, 40
pairs of shoes and buckles, 40 pairs of stockings, 100 hatchets,
500 knives, 100 hoes, 100 tobacco tongs, 100 scissors, 500 awls,
120 combs 2000 needles, 1000 flints, 20 looking glasses, 2 pounds
of Vermillion, 100 tin pots, 25 gallons of rum, 200 pounds of
tobacco, 1000 pipes, and 24 dozens of garters. That part of these
goods which represented the consideration for the lands on the
east side of the Susquehanna, was delivered, but that which rep-
resented the consideration for the lands on the west side of the
river, was, at the Indians' desire, retained, and was finally

delivered in 1742. 

"The Indian Wars of Pennsylvania," 

Welcome To A Woodsrunner's Diary Video.

This piece is actually used as an introduction to other videos. It was taken some time ago when my right hip was breaking up, so you can see that I am favouring my left leg.
Even so it is a reasonable demonstration of using the dog trot to cover ground quickly when carrying a pack without tiring too soon.
The music was written & supplied by Mr Matthew L. Fisher.
My sincere thanks Matthew, much appreciated.
Regards, Keith.

The Underworld & The Underclass. A Link.

Wednesday, 17 July 2013

Paquoudenek: A Response To "Fort Meigs 1812 Kettle used in the ...

Paquoudenek: A Response To "Fort Meigs 1812 Kettle used in the ...: http://woodsrunnersdiary.blogspot.com.au/2013/07/fort-meigs-1812-kettle-used-in-18th.html "Fort Meigs 1812 Kettle used in the 18th Ce...

More On Tin Kettles.

Well my earlier post certainly brought the answers I was looking for, and here are the links to this new information.
My sincere thanks to Nathan Barlow for this information. Much appreciated Nathan.
Regards, Keith.



Monday, 15 July 2013

Sunday, 14 July 2013

Artifacts Link 1758-


More Tin Kettle Info, but not 1758.

Advertisement for tinsmiths. Virginia Gazette, September 12, 1777.

Large Tinned Iron Camp Kettle.

Recommended dress for Ticonderoga 1758.

Dave's ACT: Red Hands Cave - Blue Mountains

Dave's ACT: Red Hands Cave - Blue Mountains: An early start on a beautiful day and a chance taken to escape Canberra's chill. I had read of the Blue Mountain's strong links with...

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Kill It With Fire Part Two: Time to eat your beer....

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Kill It With Fire Part Two: Time to eat your beer....: I have to admit something before we begin... I'm not a baker. Bread is as near to kitchen magic as anything I've ever seen.  It&#39...

Sew 18th Century: Curtain-Along: Under Petticoat

Sew 18th Century: Curtain-Along: Under Petticoat: After two quick afternoons of sewing, I'm proud to say that my Curtain-Along contribution is complete! (If you're not familiar w...

Saturday, 6 July 2013

The legging Knife.

My legging knife.

This is how I have always carried my legging knife.

This is a modern artists interpretation of how the legging knife was worn, tied to the garter.

Then recently I came across this image, which appears to be a period image, but there was no provenance for it.

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Turn Turn Turn, for everything there is a cliche, ...

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Turn Turn Turn, for everything there is a cliche, ...: I apologize for my absence. I've been having a... thing. I don't believe in writer's block so it's not that, it's just.....

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Kill it with fire: The Worshipful Company of Cooks...

School of the Renaissance Artisan: Kill it with fire: The Worshipful Company of Cooks...: The smallest of all the Livery Companies had to be the Worshipful Company of Cooks of London . Yet they did exist, so while the clay bread o...

Wilderness Living Part 5.

Thursday, 4 July 2013

Sew 18th Century: Shift Work

Sew 18th Century: Shift Work: Shift-in-Progress. Making a shift isn't as glamorous as making a gown, or even stays, and I've procrastinated making a new one...