The most common colours seem to have been black and red, but I can find little information relating to the 17th and 18th centuries. Patterns are also unknown to me, though I have read that somewhere there are examples found in tombs. This form of tie dyeing was performed on cotton, silk and wool fabrics. Here below are the designs and patterns that I think are most likely to have been available in the period 1680 to 1760.
The two types above are for sale from: http://www.timetraveltextiles.com/cgi-bin/mivavm?/Merchant2/merchant.mvc+Screen=CTGY&Store_Code=TTT&Category_Code=BD;
These are original copies made in Manchester England in 1750ad.
This shows some fabric bound and tied ready for dyeing.
Bandhani in ajanta painting.
Bibliography: The Worldwide History Of Dress By Patricia Rieff Anawalt