Sunday, 19 March 2017


MY NEIGHBOR WELLINGTON: REVULSION, RANCOR AND REVENGE: To continue the theme of this month, where only the best qualities of humanity are presented (the previous post was "Random Racist...

Poole Museum Bringing the Swash Channel Wreck back to life.

It was probably in 1630 or 1631 that a large merchant ship, sailing between the Low Countries and the tropics, was wrecked on the edge of the Hook Sands at the entrance to Poole Harbour. How she came to be wrecked we don’t know but it seems that the vessel was intact enough to allow the salvagers to remove much of her cargo and some of her cannon. The ship sank on to the mud and was forgotten for four centuries. Then, in 1990 a dredger disturbed some of her timbers. After a brief excavation, the site was largely ignored until its rediscovery by a Wessex Archaeology survey in 2004 which led to the present Bournemouth University excavation. Now that parts of the wreck and some artefacts have been brought to the surface and put on display in Poole Museum, it is interesting to investigate what Poole was like 400 years ago when these objects last saw the light of day.

Fur Trade Silver Crosses.

Havresack/Snapsack. More Images.

Jacques Lagniet (French, 1620–1672)
Tel fait la faute qu'un autre boit [One makes the mistake, another drinks it]
Etching bound in a collection of proverb etchings published by Lagniet, ca. 1660
Print Collection, Kennedy Fund.

French soldiers near the town of Grey in Franche Comte, during the Dutch War. 1690 after Van Der Meulen.

Sortie de la garnison de Gand, le 12 mars 1678.

By Vernet, 1754.

I have no info on this one but looks to be 17th century.

Travelers By The Well By Andries Booth, 1635-41.

Netherlands. 17th century. War-Scene By Sebastian-Vrancx.

Sebastian Vrancx - Plünderung eines Dorfes. 17th century Netherlands.

I find these images very interesting as they show the snapsack being used in conjunction with a backpack.
A Village Kermesse, Netherlands 17th century By Sebastian Vrancx.

Unknown artist 1745-46

Author's linen snapsack with the strap sewn to the bag at both ends. Closer is achieved using a leather tie.

The snapsack from what I can see in period paintings comes in a variety of sizes and the carry strap can either be sewn to the bag both ends, or it can be attached with some form of tie such as cordage or leather.

Friday, 17 March 2017

Banned from Facebook, can you please share this post on Facebook for me?

Yesterday I made a comment on one of the groups I belong to on Facebook regarding a video that I did not think was suitable. The group is a public group & to my mind the video was not within the aims of the group, which is to promote sensible gun ownership & laws & to try & explain to the average Australian citizen why it is that we need to own guns & hopefully show them that the present gun laws are not stopping crime & the continued war on law abiding licensed gun owners will not make the public safe. The person who posted the video did not take kindly to my comment & got personal & rude.

Now I am not saying that this person has reported my membership in retaliation, this may be nothing to do with me being struck off Facebook. However, I am now unable to continue posting on Facebook & that also means that I am no longer able to manage the 18th century Living History group I started. If someone could please post this blog link to Facebook I would very much appreciate it, I hate to think that people may think I am ignoring their comments & requests for membership.
Thank you.
Regards, Keith H. Burgess.

Sunday, 12 March 2017

Production of Sulphur in the 18th Century.

Sulphur was obtained in a variety of ways during the 18th century. Sulphur could be mined, it could be found on the surface having been deposited there from sulphur springs or from gasses escaping from deep in the earth. Sulphur was produced in England, America & overseas in Asia & Europe.

Sulphur springs in Yellowstone Park America.

Sulphur mine in England.

Sulfur found naturally on the ground from the island of Vulcano in Italy.

Mined sulphur in rock form.

Spelling and etymology
Sulfur is derived from the Latin word sulpur, which was Hellenized to sulphur. The spelling sulfur appears toward the end of the Classical period. (The true Greek word for sulfur, θεῖον, is the source of the international chemical prefix thio-.) In 12th-century Anglo-French, it was sulfre; in the 14th century the Latin ph was restored, for sulphre; and by the 15th century the full Latin spelling was restored, for sulfur, sulphur. The parallel f~ph spellings continued in Britain until the 19th century, when the word was standardized as sulphur.[7] Sulfur was the form chosen in the United States, whereas Canada uses both. The IUPAC adopted the spelling sulfur in 1990, as did the Nomenclature Committee of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1992, restoring the spelling sulfur to Britain.[8] Oxford Dictionaries note that "in chemistry and other technical uses … the -f- spelling is now the standard form for this and related words in British as well as US contexts, and is increasingly used in general contexts as well."[9]

Sunday, 5 March 2017

Images from His Majesty's 60th Regiment of Foot March Training Weekend.


Camp dinner. Feral Chinese Water Deer.

Setting up camp.

Making Soap.

1760-70 Nicolo Cavalli (Italian artist, 1730-1832) La Lavandaja.

Receipt for Soapmaking.
“SOAP is distinguished into such as are hard, which those of India Venice Marseilles Costile Naples and London are, and soft soap such as are thecommon soap so called and black soap. Now the Indian sort is made of a Lixivium or Lye of Pot ashes so strong an Egg may swim thereon of the Soapboilers take 20 pounds and 2 of Goat or Sheep's Fat or Tallow all together for an hour or so long it come to a due Consistency then the strain it whilehot thro a Linen Clot into a broad earthen or pewter Vessel and being cold cut it out in form Bricks &c. For the white hard soap Naples they boil to aConsistency pounds of the same Lixivium and of Deer's Suet then form it into Bricks and dry them the other hard soap made in the same manneronly differ in the proportion of the and time of boiling As for the common soap aforesaid tis made thus take Oak or Beech ashes or rather Pot ashes 3parts Quick one moisten the Pot ashes a little mix the Quick lime with them upon Layer or rather cover the over with them which leave long in alarge vat till the Lime falls and they mix together to make a noise Afterwards put more Water that the Mass may become moister, then with aquantity of boiling Water more the fiery Lixivious Lye commonly by the Workmen the Magistral of Capital so which is so strong that an Egg wils swimtherein This is to be drawn off and of the same Mixture make another Lye not quite so strong with boiling Water with that mix our Oil Lard Fat or Tallow which j over a soft Fire till they grow white that done add of the Capital Lye in triple proportion to the Oil Lard Fat or Tallow and continueboiling till they are coagulated and all compacted into one Body Then make trial of it by the Tongue if the Taste be sweet you must add more of theCapital Lye if biting it is to be boiled till it has swallowed up the Oil but if more than ordinary unpent more Oil should be put in leisurely and withdiscretion lastly boil it till it to roap and run clear or transparent from the Ladle and continue the boiling for the space of 3 hours As for that knownby the name perfumed Soap take white Venetian Soap 1 pound impalpable Powder Orrice root 4 ounces 3 ounces of white Starch in powder Magisteryor the Marchasite and Spermaceti of each I ounce Salt of Tartar an ounce and an half let these be all mixed together by beating them well in a StoneMortar with a wooden Pestle adding Rose water impregnated with Musk a sufficient quantity and at the end Oil of Rhodium Oil of sweet Marjorameach an ounce and an half Musk and Civet of each 2 scruples mingle and make up the whole into Balls Lastly for black Soap tis made with strong Lyeas aforesaid and Whale Fish Oil commonly called Train Oil and tis brought to a due consistency by convenient boiling.”